Extraction of Cannabis is part of the rapidly-growing industry in society, particularly as research highlights the benefits of its use as a treatment for many illnesses and diseases. Because of the growth of the industry, the technology used to extract cannabis has grown and changed quickly, as well. Understanding the evolution of cannabis extraction can help you understand how it is contributing to the rapidly-growing industry.
Technology is being used to understand the best ways to extract cannabis to maximize the benefits as well as flavors. By understanding how cannabis is extracted, researchers can develop more effective ways using the same equipment. In addition, as technologies continue to advance, new technologies can be applied to cannabis extraction, which can help make the process more effective and efficient.
One of the major advantages of the evolution of cannabis extraction and its rapid advancement is the financial benefit to companies. When companies can increase what is extracted, the overall cost of extraction decreases. This helps to make companies more productive and efficient, and the savings can be passed on to the customers.
Another benefit of the evolution of cannabis extraction is the potency of the extraction. As methods are refined, making the extraction process more effective, customers are able to receive greater benefits from the extract. This is particularly beneficial for those who are taking cannabis for medical reasons. It may mean that patients require lower dosages or that they get greater relief from the standard dosage.
It is likely that, as the cannabis industry expands and more states legalize cannabis, the need for greater refinement and efficiency in extraction will be needed. This increased demand will contribute to further research and development in cannabis extraction so that companies will have the equipment and solutions necessary to ensure that the products made available to customers are the best they can be.
Part of the reason cannabis continues to be so popular is that there are so many ways it can be enjoyed.
Certainly, there are those who will always prefer to smoke their bud, infuse it in edibles, or place a couple of drops on their tongue with a tincture.
While all of these approaches can offer different types of tastes and experiences, there is a whole world of concentrates that are especially enjoyable.
There is a lengthy list of concentrate choices available for consumers, but one that many keep returning to is hash oil.
Though oil has somewhat of a rocky reputation, historically, due to past bad practices involving iffy additives used in the production process and dangerous, even lethal, extraction methods, many of today’s established and professional oil makers have refined the process to create a cleaner, purer, and safer product that’s nicely potent.
Here’s why it remains so popular:
- Better highs. In terms of THC, an active compound that causes the most common psychoactive sensation of cannabis, most flower strains average around 10-30 percent. Oil can average 75-100 percent, providing a better, faster high.
- Better terpenes. The unique flavor and aroma characteristics contained in certain strains of cannabis are also higher and refined in oils vs. flower or edibles.
- No burning plant material. Some oil products can be heated and directly inhaled which eliminates much of the plant or paper items that inhaled when someone smokes a plant product like a pre-roll joint.
- Something new. Though cannabis use has never been described as boring, the growing popularity of oil use in just the last few years has created new ways to enjoy the plant. New equipment to master like dab rigs, nails or vape pens have helped users have a stronger and more intense experience, compared to traditional methods of blazing a joint.
- Lots of forms. Oil products can come in different colors, intensities and textures, including budder and shatter. This can provides several opportunities to try different types for different flavors experiences.
Common Questions on CO2 Extraction
Whether it is for medicinal use or recreational use, many people who consume marijuana do not want to smoke it because it can feel harsh on their lungs and cause intense coughing. Instead, they prefer to utilize vapor that has been infused with THC and CBD. Others prefer to utilize another method for enjoying cannabis, though.
What Can CO2 Extraction Do?
Through the use of a CO2 extraction machine, it is possible to create high-quality extracts from marijuana without the addition of any toxins. The oil extractor can be used as more than just a weed extraction machine, of course. You could also use it for creating other types of extracts from other plants for fragrances, tea, omega-3 oils, and more.
Biggest Benefits of CO2 Extraction
With this extraction method, you will not have to worry about contamination, which you would if you were using other methods. This can provide you with pure oils as an end result, and you will not have to worry about there being any leftover residue. When compared with other methods of extraction, you will find that CO2 oil extractors are going to offer the best benefits with no real drawbacks.
Are CO2 Extraction Machines for Sale?
Another common question when it comes to CO2 extraction is whether it is possible to purchase any of the machines so you can learn to extract on your own. Fortunately, if you are interested in weed extraction machines, or you want to extract oils for other purposes, there are some great choices available for you today.
Of course, before you start using the machine, you will want to make sure that you understand all of the ins and outs of operating it, and that you have all of the necessary gear and equipment.
5 Types of Cannabis Extraction Methods
As cannabis products have become increasingly popular for both medicinal and recreational purposes, more people are looking for effective extraction methods. This has created new applications for THC in edibles and in pharmaceutical sciences.
There are 5 primary ways to extract the pure product from the plant, including:
1. CO2 Extraction
Carbon dioxide is one of the most popular extraction methods. It’s one of the only solvents approved by the FDA and is considered a cleaner way to extract cannabinoids and other byproducts from the plant. High temperatures and pressure changes are used to control every aspect of this process, which becomes increasingly customizable with the use of a CO2 extraction machine.
2. Rosin Extraction
This is probably the most basic of the extraction methods, and some debate on whether or not it should make the list as it doesn’t really use a solvent. Rosin remains popular because it’s both easy to make and fairy potent. All that’s required to create this concentrate is heat and pressure. Using a special machine is best, but some claim similar results with hair straighteners.
3. Butane Extraction
The use of butane gas cartridges as a solvent is strictly meant for a laboratory. This is a highly volatile hydrocarbon that can be dangerous when not applied and purged appropriately. When done correctly in a professional lab, butane extraction can produce high grade dab products. This is one extraction method that’s best left to experienced professionals.
4. Ethanol Extraction
This extraction method is great for amateurs who want to try creating their own ingestible products. Ethanol washes can be prepped in just a few minutes and can create a fairly pure extract without the use of additional heat or pressure. You can use denatured ethanol and plants that have been dried out in the oven. The process can be further refined, but it takes some skill and additional research.
5. Dimethyl Ether Extraction
Dimethyl ether extraction (DHO) is considered a professional grade method that’s used to create a product that’s nearly free of impurities. This process relies on a colder temperature and must be carefully controlled to yield maximum results. While it’s safer than butane, this method requires some advanced preparation and planning.
Carbon Dioxide vs Hydrocarbon Extraction for Cannabis
There are a number of extraction methods currently being used to extract the precious cannabidiol oil (CBD) from cannabis plants, after which the oil can be used in a wide variety of medical applications. While ethanol extraction and water extraction are also used, the two most popular methods for extraction are the carbon dioxide (CO2) method and the hydrocarbon extraction method.
All cannabis extraction methods work by having a solvent pass through the plant material, so that the highly desirable oil can be squeezed out for commercial usage. While hydrocarbon extraction is the most widely used process in the world for food products, it is less widely used in the world of cannabis extraction. CO2 extraction on the other hand, enjoys widespread endorsement in the cannabis extraction industry, while having very little application in the food industry, at approximately 2% usage.
The CO2 extraction method is the most prevalent in the cannabis industry, with many of the largest companies in the industry adopting it as their preferred method, partly because it is considered by the FDA to be the safer of the two methods, and because the solvent itself is non-toxic and contributes no carbon emissions to the atmosphere. Using the CO2 method also allows you to eliminate undesirable elements from the plant material during the extraction process.
However, there are some potential issues associated with the process, the first of which is that it can create over-extraction and produce more wax and lipids, if the process is not tightly controlled. Also, since carbon dioxide is colorless and odorless, it gives no warning when any leaks may be present, and if leaks should go undetected, there is a potential danger to anyone in the area.
Hydrocarbon extraction is extremely popular in the food industry, but less popular in the cannabis extraction industry, probably due to the fact that it has the stigma of volatility associated with it. Downstream products of hydrocarbon extraction are referred to as Butane Honey Oil (BHO), and many small operations use BHO extractors or other extractor machines to produce the very useful essential oils.
Several different hydrocarbons have been used historically, including propane and hexane, and more recently butane. Although there have traditionally been concerns about volatility and flammability of hydrocarbons, the extraction process can be completely safe in a laboratory setting, as long as standard operating procedures are closely followed.
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